Jan Vaes (HYGS) contributed in I-SUP2016’s CCU section with his “Electrolytic hydrogen generation in carbon re-utilizations schemes” presentation in which MefCO₂ was introduced.
The 5th edition of this international conference focused on sustainable production methods for energy, chemistry and materials management. For the first time in i-SUP’s history the expert seminars were on an invitation-only basis to ensure the most up-to-date information in the particular fields of expertise with a unique blend of high-level speakers, industry participants, scientists and technologists.
The conference themes were chosen for their high industrial and societal value, both individually and in relation to one another. The interaction between energy, chemistry and materials is one of the largest opportunities for the coming decades. As sustainable energy becomes cheaper and more available, the need for storage in the form of materials or chemical processes is evident. At the same time new materials and processes will arise that were not possible before. Increased attention to heat and geothermal energy complement the mix of subjects on this conference.
In whatever future scenario for the energy mix, the world will consume fossil fuels for at least 3 more decades in order to meet its energy needs. With emission of greenhouse gases as a result, it is justified to try and close the carbon loop. With CO2 as an interesting carbon source, utilization of CO2 is therefore evolving from an academic interest to an economically viable technology. Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU) is set to become a complementary tool in the Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) landscape over the following decades. It will not be a matter of CCS or CCU, but and CCS and CCU, with integrated infrastructure. There are many challenges and barriers to the successful implementation of CCU, however these are not insurmountable and need to be actively addressed.
Important challenges and opportunities in CCUS have been discussed:
- Fossil fuels: part of future energy scenarios – justification for closing the carbon loop
- Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU) and Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS): complementary tools in a closed loop carbon landscape
- CO2 utilisation - from academic interest to economically viable technologies
- Challenges and barriers to successful implementation of CCU to be actively addressed
- CCU - opportunity for peak shaving and insurance of future access to chemicals and fuels supply